PackageDescription: SIXX(Bundle)


Last published: January 9, 2010 by 'umejava'

SIXX 0.3c for VisualWorks
Copyright (C) 2002-2009 Masashi Umezawa, Tetsuya Kurihara, Kazuki Minamitani

SIXX is a multi-platform XML serializer/deserializer for Smalltalk. You can exchange various Smalltalk objects among different (dialect) images.

<<0.3 Release Note>>

[Basic writing/reading]
SIXX is very easy to use. Like #storeString, You can generate a SIXX string by #sixxString.

array := Array with: 1 with: 'Hello' with: Date today.
array sixxString.

This code generates a SIXX string below:

16 June 2002

This string can be read by #readSixxFrom:.

Object readSixxFrom: sixxString. "sixxString is the above string"

[Stream writing/reading]
SixxWriteStream and SixxReadStream are provided so that you can write/read Smalltalk objects like a binary-object-stream way (BOSS in VW, and the ReferenceStream in Squeak).

In order to write objects to an external file, you can:

sws := SixxWriteStream newFileNamed: 'obj.sixx'.
sws nextPut: .
sws nextPutAll: .
sws close.

And to read objects from an external file:

srs := SixxReadStream readOnlyFileNamed: 'obj.sixx'.
objects := srs contents.
srs close.

[Customizing serialization]
It is called before the instance is written in SIXX.
Return the object actually serialized.
Specify the instance variables that are not written in SIXX
Specify the instance variables that should not be referenced in SIXX. Values are always written redundantly. It is useful for small literal objects like String, Number, etc.
Return unique id that can be referenced from other objects in SIXX. It is useful when objects have their own unique id.

[Customizing deserialization]
It is called immediately after the instance is read from SIXX
Return the object for the client from the deserialized instance.

SixxShapeChanger enables you to read "class shape changed" instances. It supports renamed, removed and newly added instance variables.

srs := SixxShapeChangeReadStream on: oldSixx readStream.
srs shapeChangers at:#SmallIntegerOLD put: SmallInteger . "simple renaming"

srs shapeChangers at: #SixxShapeChangedObject put: SixxMockShapeChanger. "You can implement ShapeChanger for more complex conversion."

To define a new ShapeChanger, you should subclass base ShapeChanger class and override three methods.

Return a newly introduced class for old instances.
YourShapeChanger>>sixxInstVarNamed: varName put: value
Override this method for setting converted values to the shape changed object.
Override this method for setting newly introduced values to the shape changed object.

For example: (YourShapeChanger>>sixxInstVarNamed: varName put:)
sixxInstVarNamed: varName put: value
"#oldNamedVar1 instance variable was renamed to #renamedAtt1"
varName == #oldNamedVar1 ifTrue: [^self attributesMap at: #renamedAtt1 put: value].

"#oldNamedVar2 inst var was removed."
varName == #oldNamedVar2 ifTrue: [^self].

super sixxInstVarNamed: varName put: value

From SIXX 0.3, you can apply ShapeChanger(s) without using SixxShapeChangeReadStream.

obj := SixxContext evaluate: [Object readSixxFrom: oldSixx]
shapeChangersBy: [:shapeChangers | shapeChangers at: #SixxShapeChangedObject put: SixxSomeShapeChanger].

Formatter is a new SIXX function for customizing SIXX format without subclassing.

Normally, you can customize SIXX serialization format by overriding hooks such as #sixxWriteValue, #sixxIgnorableInstVarNames. However, sometimes you would like to customize serialization format more dynamically.
For example, you may want to change default Array serialization format to compact one, if the array includes only primitive (literal) elements.

Suppose there is an array like:

array := #(1 2 3 4 5).

By default, the array will be sixxed out if you evaluate:

array sixxString. "print it"


This format is reasonable for supporting complex array, but the format could be space-consuming if the array contains only primitive (literal) elements. By setting a Formatter, you can use more compact format for Array.

SixxContext formatters: {SixxMockLiteralArrayFormatter on: Array}.

After that, the format will be:

#(1 2 3 4 5)

You can reset the formatter by:

SixxContext resetFormatters.

For convenience, there is a method to switch formatter temporarily.

SixxContext applyFormatters: {SixxMockLiteralArrayFormatter on: Array} while: [
array sixxString.

Or, you can even use:

SixxContext evaluate: [array sixxString]
formattersBy: [:formatters | formatters add: (SixxMockLiteralArrayFormatter on: Array)].

In short, Formatter can be used:
- For customizing SIXX format dynamically.
- For overriding SIXX format of the existing classes temporarily.